What is Mold?
Molds are a type of fungus usually seen as a furry coating, that grows on cellulose materials, vegetables, and animal matter. It's important to the environment because it breaks down decaying organic material.
Produces Enzymes & Mycotoxins
Mold digests decaying organic materials that are broken down into simpler compounds by enzymes and mycotoxins released from the mycelia, a part of the fungi that looks for nutrients and water. The enzymes and mycotoxins can also prevent the growth of other molds and microorganisms. Mycotoxins become aerosolized and easily inhaled, causing health concerns and issues.
Can Survive Without Sunlight
There are thousands of known species of molds. It does not use photosynthesis to produce food. Nor does it need sunlight to survive. Mold thrives in dark, warm, and damp areas.
Outdoors, Mold Helps to Decompose Organic Materials
But without mold, the entire world would be overrun by dead organic matter, so it's an important part of the natural environment. By decomposing organic matter, molds play a big part in material biodegradation, enabling decay and rot is necessary in all ecosystems.
Indoors, High Concentrations of Airborne Mold Spore Levels Is a Concern
All Mold spores found in outdoor air are also normally found in indoor air. Therefore, it is not unusual to find low levels of mold spores in indoor air. We become concerned when we see visible mold or detect elevated airborne mold spore levels inside your home.
Mold Inspection and Mold Testing
Additional Mold Information Links
Factors that Lead to Mold Outbreaks
Mold needs damp areas to grow and reproduce. For example flooding, leaky pipes or windows, etc. Also excess moisture in the bathrooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms are prime areas for mold growth.
Mold spores feed off materials like (i.e. cotton, leather, wood, paper products, etc). The most dangerous materials mold loves to grow on, are porous materials (beds, couches, curtains, etc). Removing mold and mold stains from these materials can be difficult.
Temperature / Ventilation
Temperatures about 70 – 90 degrees are the most conducive for mold growth. Chances of mold growth are heightened greatly between those temperatures especially in confined spaces and areas.